Aims and Scope
Modifications of Midfacial Soft-Tissue Thickness Among Different Skeletal Classes in Italian ChildrenDaniele Gibelli, Matteo Zago, Annalisa Cappella, Claudia Dolci, Chiarella Sforza
October 17, 2018
The Open Medical Imaging Journal is an open access online journal that publishes research articles, reviews/mini-reviews, case studies, guest-edited thematic issues and short communications/letters on the latest developments and applications of imaging technology in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of all kinds. Manuscripts are considered for publication on a range of topics including abdominal imaging, biomedical imaging, brain imaging, cardiovascular imaging, clinical physiology and functional imaging, molecular imaging and biology, neuroimaging, nuclear medicine, and retinal imaging. Imaging techniques covered include microscopy, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, magnetic resonance imaging, diffusion tensor imaging, mathematical imaging and vision, medical image analysis, radiography, radionuclide imaging, echocardiography, computerized medical imaging and graphics, real time imaging, tomography, and ultrasound, optical, non-invasive and X-ray imaging. The journal aims to promote the awareness and understanding of medical radiologists and physicists in the utilization of imaging technology for therapeutic care.
The anatomical assessment of the arrangement of facial soft tissues has important applications in different fields from orthodontics to plastic surgery. One of the issues concerns the relationship between facial soft tissue thickness and skeletal class. Literature mainly deals with adult populations, whereas very few studies have been focused on children.
This study aims at investigating the relationship between midline facial soft tissue thickness and skeletal classes in Italian pre-treatment orthodontic child patients.
Lateral cephalometric X-ray films were obtained from 220 healthy Caucasoid children (91 males and 129 females), aged between 6 and 18 years (Class I: 41 males and 70 females; Class II: 18 males and 25 females; Class III: 32 males and 34 females). All the films were digitized and 14 soft tissue thicknesses were measured on the midface; in addition, the skeletal class was assessed according to the corrected ANB angle (ANBc). Differences in facial soft tissue thickness according to sex and skeletal class were assessed through two-way ANOVA test (p<0.01).
Statistically significant differences according to sex were found for labrale superius, stomion and labrale inferius, with thicker soft tissues in males than in females (p<0.01). Only measurements at labrale superius and gnathion showed statistically significant differences according to skeletal class, with thicker soft tissues in Class III children and thinner ones in Class II children (p<0.01).
The limited number of investigations, as well as the differences in protocols, renders the comparison of results from different studies difficult, suggesting further investigations to enlighten this complex and debated anatomical issue.
The Open Medical Imaging JournalISSN: 1874-3471
Volume: 12, 2020
The Open Medical Imaging Journal is an Open Access online journal, which publishes research articles, reviews, letters, case reports and guest-edited single topic issues in all areas of imaging. Bentham Open ensures speedy peer review process and accepted papers are published within 2 weeks of final acceptance.
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